Modern


Western cartography from the Renaissance until World War II.

City panoramas:
1.
2.
3.
4.a
4.b
4.c
  1. Francesco Rosselli, View of Florence from the South West, ca. 1495 (Victoria and Albert Museum).
  2. Unknown artist, View of Rome, ca. 1538 (Palazzo Ducale di Mantova).
  3. Master of Rhenen, Flood of Holland in a dream of St. Elizabeth, ca. 1480 (Rijksmuseum Amsterdam).
  4. Duarte D’armas, View of Mértola (a), Penas Roias (b) and Almeida (c), Livro das Fortalezas Situadas no Extremo de Portugal e Castela, 1509–10 (Torre do Tombo).




Portolan charts:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.a
5.b
5.c
5.d
5.e
  1. Abraham Cresques, Catalan Atlas, ca. 1375 (Gallica BNF).
  2. Jorge de Aguiar, Portolan Chart of the Mediterranean, Western Europe and African Coast, 1492. (Beinecke Library).
  3. Unknown Portuguese author, Cantino Planisphere, 1502 (Biblioteca Estense).
  4. Pedro or Jorge Reinel (?), Portuguese chart of the South Atlantic in the ‘Miller’ atlas, ca. 1519 (Gallica BNF).
  5. Piri Reis, Kitāb-ı Baḥrīye (“Book of the Sea"), ca. 1520s (Walters Art Museum). a) Black Sea, b) Island of Rhodes, c) Tunisian coast, d) River Nile, e) city of Alexandria.




Mercator projection:
1.

1.a
1.b
1.c

  1. Gerardus Mercator, Nova et Aucta Orbis Terrae Descriptio ad Usum Navigantium Emendate Accommodata, 1569 (Gallica BNF).
  2. Comparative diagrams: a)  Mercator projection; b) Gall-Peters projection; c) Oblique Mercator projection with curved rhumb lines.




Town plans:
1.a
1.b
1.c
1.d
1.e
1.f
2.a
2.b
2.c
3.a
3.b
3.c
3.d
3.e
3.f
3.f
  1. Pedro Barreto de Resende, Livro das Plantas de Todas as Fortalezas, 1635 (Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal).
  2. Joan Blaeu, Map of Amsterdam (a), Delft (b), and Brugge (c), ca. 1649–52 (Biblioteca Nacional de España).
  3. Johannes Vingboons (att.), a) View of Judea, Capital of Siam; b) View of Banda, Southern Moluccas; c) View of Raiebaagh in Visiapoer, India; d) View of the Dutch Trading Post in Lawec in Cambodia, ca. 1662, (Rijksmuseum).




Enclosure maps:
1.
2.
3.
  1. John Nordern, A Description of the Honor of Windesor (“Survey of Windesor”), 1607 (British Museum).
  2. Upton enclosure map, 1735 (Hampshire Archives).
  3. Martin Le Frere, Carte généralle de la baronnie de Rots, 1749 (Archives du Calvados).




Hunting tables:
1.a
1.b
2.
  1. Pierre-Denis Martin, Map of the Forest of Compiègne with a Royal Hunt, 1739, and Map of Part of the Hunting Property at Compiègne, 1737 (Château de Compiègne).
  2. Andrieux de Benson, Hunt table: Map of the forest of Compiégne, 1730 (Châteaux de Versailles).




Triangulation and the land survey:
1.
1.a
1.b
1.c
2.
2.a
3.
4.
  1. César-François Cassini de Thury and family, Description géométrique de la France (“Carte de l'Académie”), 1744 (Gallica BNF). a) Yvelines, b) Dunkerque, c) Paris.
  2. Gianbattista Nolli and Giovanni Piranesi, Nuova Topografia di Roma and detail (a), 1748 (Biblioteca Nazionale di Roma).
  3. William Lambton et al., Index Chart of the Great Trigonometrical Survey, 1870. Source: Survey of India.
  4. Louis Bretez (surveyor) and Claude Lucas (engraver), Turgot Map of Paris, ca. 1730s. Source: Norman B. Leventhal Map Center.




Colonial America:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
  1. Unknown author, Silver Mining at Potosi, 1584 (Hispanic Society of America).
  2. Gaspar Miguel de Berrío, Cerro Rico and the Imperial Municipality of Potosí, 1758 (Museo Colonial Charcas).
  3. Peter Gordon, A view of Savannah as it stood the 29th of March 1734, ca. 1876 (Library of Congress).
  4. Unknown author, Philadelphia and neighborhood, 1778 (Library of Congress).
  5. Thomas Holme, A Mapp of Ye Improved Part of Pensilvania in America, Divided Into Countyes, Townships and Lotts, ca. 1700 (Library of Congress).
  6. Unknown author, Bird's eye view of Philadelphia and vicinity showing location of the Philadelphia & Reading Railroad, ca. 1870 (Library of Congress).
  7. Theodore R. Davis, Bird's eye view of Philadelphia, 1872 (Library of Congress).




Encyclopaedic Atlases:
1.a
1.b
2.a
2.b
2.c
  1. Sidney Hall and William Hughes, General Atlas of the World, 1829.
  2. Alexander von Humboldt, Illustrations from Ideas for a Geography of Plants Together with a Natural Painting of the Tropics, 1805.




    Poverty maps:
    1.
    2.
    1. John Snow, On the Mode of Communication of Cholera, 1854 (London: C.F. Cheffins, Lith).
    2. Charles Booth, Descriptive Map of London Poverty, 1889 (London School of Economics).




    City Beautiful movement:
    1.a
    1.b
    1.c
    1.d
    2.
    1. Frederik Law Olmsted, a) Buffalo Park System, b) Birmingham Alabama, c) Chicago Fair, d) Riverside suburb.
    2. Daniel Hudson Burnham, Edward H. Bennett and Charles Moore, Plan of Chicago, 1909 (Art Institute of Chicago).




    Modernist Utopias:
    1.
    1.a
    2.a
    2.b
    2.c
    2.d
    2.e
    3.
    1. Frank Lloyd Wright, Broadacre City, 1932. a) Hillside Theatre Curtain, 1952. (1) Green hills of the valley (2) Taliesin (3) Wisconsin River (4) Highway 23 bridge (5) Wright’s signature.
    2. Ludwig Hilberseimer, The New City: Principles of Planning, 2012 (1944).
             a) Planning system: A. main traffic artery with station and airport; B. Commercial area; C. Smokeless industry. D. Smoke-producing industry.
             b) European industrial city, in its present state and condition.
             c) European industrial city, in its proposed replanning.
             d) Chicago in its present state and condition.
             e) Chicago in its proposed replanning.
         3. Moisei Ginzburg and Mikhail  Barsh (OSA), Moscow Green City, 1930 (SA–Sovremennaya Arkhitektura at Techne Archive).